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Marrakesh is a Moroccan city located in the center of the Kingdom of Morocco, one of the most popular tourist destinations, due to its pleasant climate, which is a haven of summer heat, nature and red buildings,  Marrakesh has different nicknames,  “the Red City“.”The City of Seven Men” (referring to a group of seven Sufi scholars who spread political and cultural awareness among Marrakesh residents).

the seven men of marrakesh are:

  • QUADI AYYAD
  • YOUSEF BEN ALI
  •  BEL ABBAS SEBTI
  •  SOLIEMANE EL JAZOULI
  •  ABDELAZIZ
  •  ABDULAH EL GHAZOUANI 
  • IMAM SOUHILI

There are different storiesbehind the name of Marrakesh, some of which indicate that Aksh is the name of an ancient god, while the other stories indicate that Marrakesh is an Amazigh word that quickly passed. Marrakesh is the fourth largest city in Morocco after Casa Blanca, Fez and Tangier.

 

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* Geography

 

Marrakesh Location

Marrakech is located in the center of the Kingdom of Morocco, knwon as Marrakech-Tensift-Al Haouz, one of the administrative divisions of the Kingdom of Morocco, with its capital Marrakech. Marrakesh is about 327 km from Rabat.  The city is divided into two main parts: the old city of Marrakesh, which is fortified with walls, and the new Marrakesh, located outside the walls.

Due to the location of Marrakech in the center of Morocco, it does not have any water bodies and rises above sea level 457 meters. The city coordinates extend between the latitude 37 ’48 “and 31 ° north, and the latitude’ 32 ‘0 ° 8 west. The city is approximately 230 km.

 

Climate

Marrakesh has a hot and dry climate. The city has few rainfalls during the months of the year. The summer of Marrakech is characterized by heat and drought, and the highest temperature month is July, with an average temperature of 28.6 degrees Celsius. The city’s winter is characterized by a mild and pleasant climate. The lowest monthly temperature is January, with an average temperature of 11.3 ° C. The highest rainfall is February, with a rainfall of 35 mm.

 

The history of Marrakech

The date of the establishment of the city of Marrakesh in the year 1070 AD, and the Almoravids are a group of Amazigh tribes introduced from the desert, The first Almoravid who came down in the city is Yusuf ibn Tashpin, known as the Prince of believers, The convoys and thieves, who chanted “Marrakech” when they passed, an Amazigh word meant walking fast. At the beginning of the arrival of the Almoravids, Marrakesh was a city completely devoid of buildings, and after that Tashfin founded the city and expanded its geographical area and surroundings. The city witnessed great urban development and became the capital of the Almoravids and the center of the Arab and Islamic Maghreb.

After the death of Yusuf ibn Tashfin, his children continue to rule, and a dispute broke out between them on the succession of the ruling, which sparked the crisis in the city, Under the circumstances appeared in the city of Marrakesh in 1121 a Muslim called Mohammed Ibn Tomart, To the unity of God Almighty, and began to criticize the policies and rulers at the time. Al-Murabitin did not accept his actions and expelled him from Marrakesh. He took his place from the city of Tenemel and began to mobilize his followers. In 1146, one of the followers of the Almohads, Abdel Momen Ben Ali, succeeded in opening the city of Marrakesh after a 10-year conflict. After a series of political events, the Almohad state was weakened and divided into two parts: one in Morocco and one in Andalusia. The rule was divided among the sons of one family. Yahya ibn Muhammad al-Nasser ruled in Marrakech. His uncle Abu al-‘Ala Idris al-Mansur refused to recognize his rule. Marrakesh, aided by an army of Spaniards and the killing of his nephew, ended the exertion United State. The Medina of Medina was established in Marrakesh in 668 AH (1270 AD) and in 916 AH (1510 AD), in Marrakesh, the state of Bani El Hassan El Alaouin. During the reign of the Alawites, Marrakesh received special attention from the late Rachid and Sultan Sidi Mohamed , Which has been working to restore the city’s features, and built many new landmarks, which still exist today, and have a long history.

historical places

Marrakesh is home to many historical and rich historical sites, which contain the ancient history of the city. The city of Marrakesh was included in UNESCO’s list of world heritage and monuments in 1985. [12] Palace of Budaiya: one of the most prominent palaces of Morocco, and is characterized by the abundance of decorations and carvings, in addition to the artifacts that are in it, and this palace is ruined, but it still exists, and still have decorative inscriptions. Al Bahia Palace: This Palace has great tourist value due to the importance of its wood engraving and palace building during the reign of the Alawite state. It contains royal suites, halls and gardens. The Almoravid dome: A monument to the beauty and art of Ammar al-Marbati in Marrakesh. The dome was built in the 11th century, and its solid construction still stands to reflect the cultural significance of the time it was built. The dome has an underground water delivery system, and the water is poured into bronze pipes. The mosque is one of the most important mosques in the Arab Maghreb. It is characterized by an ornate altar and an automated platform. It also contains 11 domes and 17 internal pavilions. The mosque occupies a large area of ​​5,300 square meters. It was near the mosque. The walls of Marrakech: the walls that surround the city to protect them, and contain inside the seat of the old government. The walls were built in 1126 AD from the dusty soil, extending for a distance of 9 km. Masjid al-Kasbah: one of the largest mosques in the Maghreb region, characterized by its large area, which has expanded over time. The Friday prayers are held in the mosque, and the minbar is considered one of the most famous of the prayer platforms that were established according to Hanafi doctrine. Osiriya Water Park: The Wave, an entertainment venue with diverse activities and water activities, is a place for all the family, and is quiet. The tomb of the Saadian: one of the most famous landmarks of the city. The shrine houses the tombs of most of the Saadian sultans and has become a popular shrine for visitors from all over the world.

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